4-4-2 Class C1 Atlantic GNR Profile and Models

4-4-2 Class C1 Atlantic GNR

251 at Barrow Hill in February 2014. ©Hugh Llewelyn

The Great Northern Railway (GNR) Class C1 is a type of 4-4-2 steam locomotive. One, ex GNR 251, later LNER 2800, survives in preservation. Much like their small boiler cousins, they were capable of reaching speeds of up to 90 mph (145 km/h). They were also known as Large Atlantics. The principle of the design was to produce a powerful, free-steaming engine to haul the fastest and heaviest express trains on the Great Northern. They could thus be seen as the start of the East Coast 'Big Engine' policy. None were ever named.  Seventeen C1s made it to serve British Railways, albeit for a short time. According to The Railway Magazine, the last engine in service was BR 62822, ex GNR 294. On 26 November 1950 she hauled a train one way from Kings Cross to Doncaster to mark the end of the C1s. Pioneer 251, LNER 2800, had been saved for the UK National Collection even before the last one was withdrawn from revenue service in 1950. Restored to GNR livery, she is the only C1 to survive.

(Information provided via Wikipedia)

Type of Locomotive



Doncaster Works

Build Date

1902 to 1910

Total Built


Tractive Effort

13,808 to 22,100 lbf

Wheel Configuration


Operated By

Great Northern Railway
London & North Eastern Railway
British Railways

Main Duties

Passenger Services

In Service Until


Surviving Examples



Products awaiting categorisation

Scale Brand Image Construction Type DCC Capability Product Code Product Title Livery
OO Gauge (1:76 Scale) Craftsman Models CM12 GNR/LNER Class C12 4-4-2T Steam locomotive kit Requires assembly Not set CM12
GNR/LNER Class C12 4-4-2T Steam locomotive kit Awaiting Categorisation
OO Gauge (1:76 Scale) DJH Model Railway Kits No image available Requires assembly Not set K73
GNR/LNER/BR C1 large boiler 4-4-2 GNR - Great Northern Railway
OO Gauge (1:76 Scale) Keyser (K's) L29Keyser GNR C1 Atlantic Class 4-4-2 Locomotive Kit Requires assembly Not set L29Keyser
GNR C1 Atlantic Class 4-4-2 Locomotive Kit Unpainted